Single-board computers (SBC), is a computer designed differently from a functional computer. The distinctive difference of SBCs is that it contains all elements of a computer in a single circuit board. This means that all the elements of a functional computer, such as the microprocessors, memory, the inputs, and outputs, are all in a single circuit board. In comparison to desktop computers, feature motherboards that include slots for the computer’s fundamental components. The CPU, memory, storage, input and output devices, and other essential elements of a desktop computer are connected to the motherboard through sockets.
Single board computers are also distinct from desktop computers in terms of their capabilities. Adding capabilities to the motherboard on a desktop computer is generally achieved by connecting a peripheral device into a slot on the motherboard. A high-end video card, for example, will be installed in a specific motherboard slot. This and other computer components are just a part of the circuit board on a single board computer, and the gadget is ready to use right away. Moreover, Single-board computers are available in a wide variety of capabilities. Some single-board computers are sluggish and restricted compared to other computers since they are used to control relatively simple tasks.
What are single-board computers used for?
They are primarily used in embedded applications. An embedded computer can’t be upgraded; it only has the input and output capabilities it needs to complete the purpose for which it was built. A vending machine, for example, may contain an integrated single-board computer to operate the machine’s functions. Still, there would be no way to increase the computer’s capabilities by adding extra hardware.
Single-board computers are frequently connected to a backplane. Input and output devices can be connected to the computer via the backplane. Moreover, single-board computers are commonly utilized in rack systems, allowing for quick and dependable integration.
The importance of single-board computers in the industry
- Single-board computers contain all the processing power needed for most automated applications, and customized designs are readily accessible. For the tasks that single board computers are often used for, these computers have several major benefits over utilizing a standard desktop computer.
- Single-board computers are incredibly compact. This enables them to be integrated into devices with a bit of area. The computers are also highly energy-efficient, providing them an advantage in terms of power conservation. In addition to these benefits, single board computers are self-contained, making them highly dependable in various environments.
- Single-board computers are considered costly despite having less space than multi-board computers. However, due to their dependability, these computers are highly cost-effective options for the industry. Because they are self-contained, switching one out for the other is very straightforward if one has to be replaced.
- These computers’ capabilities may significantly increase thanks to various backplane choices; thus, their designs are not excessively constrained. Single-board computers can give more extended capacity than a conventional multi-board computer with some backplane configuration and considerably less space.
In conclusion, single board computers are great computing devices that can be used for various functions. For instance, they can be used for experimenting, learning programming, among others, and can be used for industrial applications.